COP 23

COP 23 – Sustainable Innovation Forum 2017 of the UNFCCC Parties


The United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) entered into force in 1994 and now has a near-universal membership of 196 countries. The main objective of the annual Conference of Parties (COP) is to review the Convention’s implementation.

The 2015, COP21 in Paris proved historic, as a legally binding global climate target was agreed by all 196 member parties with the aim of capping climate change well below two degrees of warming. In November 2016, the so-called Paris Agreement entered into force – with signatory countries officially tasked with developing strong low carbon strategies, driving the partnerships and funding opportunities to accelerate its concrete implementation.

In November 2017, COP23 will be held in Bonn, Germany – but as a delegate of BerlInMUN 2017, you will be able to already test the waters and simulate the Sustainable Innovation Forum in August 2017!



Reviewing and Improving Carbon Emission Trade:

The Paris Agreement (COP21) set comprehensive goals for Emission reduction in order to limit the climate change to 1.5°C compared to the pre-industrial age. Many experts and politicians see Carbon Emission Trade as a powerful tool to achieve the goals set by the Paris Agreement but the current state of Carbon Emission Trade schemes is sobering.  The challenge ahead of the COP23 is now to make Carbon Emission Trade great (again). In order to achieve this ambitiously goal a critical assessment of the mechanisms introduced by Kyoto-Protocol (COP3) and existing regional Carbon Emission Trade schemes might be a first step. With the Paris Agreement the landscape of Carbon Emission Trade has shaped enormously. The system introduced now focuses on “voluntary cooperation” and Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC).  Using the results gained from the assessment the COP23 is now asked to discuss the design of the informally called “Sustainable Development Mechanisms” (SDM) as potential successor of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) in order to make Carbon Emission Trade effective and efficient tool to combat climate change. This includes the question of fostering participation in Carbon Emission Trade schemes as well as the topic of increasing international cooperation and exchange on the matter. Furthermore the Paris Agreement demanded the parties to improve the transparency of the Carbon Emission Trade in order to make it less vulnerable to manipulations.

Development of Renewable Energy Technology in Developing Countries:

With the Paris Agreement already in effect since November 2016, there is an increased emphasis on aiding developing countries for actions on climate change adaptation and mitigation. This includes the development of renewable energy technology to serve the aforementioned objectives. This topic is interesting and feasible as it mostly deals with fulfilling commitments to an identified group of countries that may not have possess the technological and financial capability to invest in renewable energy technology. However, the twist to the story is that in recent years, investment in renewable energy technology has been much higher in developing countries; particularly those belong to the BRICS group of emerging economies. Thus, this is no longer a case of the developing global South to be dependent on the more technologically and economically advanced global North, of the ‘haves’ and ‘have-nots’, thereby creating a more level playing field and the possibility of intra-South cooperation in this field. However, this is not to say countries that possess the technology and necessary expertise will not be able to wield significant influence over those do not.

Delegates are not expected to possess fluency in the technical intrigue of the topic, but in-depth research is required to command a basic understand of renewable energy technology to engage with the topic. At the same time, the potential of a level playing field between countries allow delegates to work in a diplomatic and constructive manner, while furthering the individual interests of their assigned countries, in the spirit of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The topic contains nuances that the delegates can explore such as adaption of technology to local conditions, facilitating technological transfer between countries and accessibility for local communities in targeted countries and cost-efficiency, most of which hope to be include in the final resolution.



  • Argentina
  • Australia
  • Brazil
  • France
  • Germany
  • Japan
  • PR China
  • Republic of Korea
  • South Africa
  • Kenya
  • Nigeria
  • Morocco
  • India
  • United Kingdom
  • Russian Federation
  • United States of America
  • Canada
  • Mexico
  • Papua-Newguinea
  • Saudia-Arabia
  • United Nations Development Programme
  • International Emission Trading Association/Intergovernmental Renewable Energy Organization



The COP 23 will be chaired by Nghia Mai and Christian Richter. See the whole secretariat here.


Study Guide:

Study Guides for BerlInMUN 2017 are available online at our Resource Centre.