European Council (EC)
The European Council represents the highest level of political cooperation between EU countries and defines the general political direction and priorities of the European Union. As an institution, it comprises the heads of state or government of EU member states, the President of the European Commission, President of the European Council as well as the High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy.
This year’s topics :
Topic A: The creation of a European Army
Europe has been shaken by threats such as terrorism, hybrid conflicts and even war at the outskirts of its territory. Therefore, the debate about European security policy has gained considerable importance during the last years. Both the challenges of handling and protecting the common border of the Union, affecting all member states, as well as a common strategy regarding the responsibility of the European Union in international conflicts, have brought the idea of a common European army to the table.
The European Union has already made progress regarding a common foreign and security policy, namely by the introduction of a High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy, as it was installed through the Lisbon Treaty in 2009. Moreover, the Permanent Structured Cooperation (PESCO) introduced in late 2017 has been a milestone for the harmonization of the common security environment, implementing even closer military cooperation.
Accordingly, the Council will have to discuss the necessity for a European army, thus responding to the discussion about opportunities and possibilities which the EU would gain through common military policy. The debate shall address the general position in favor or against such an army as well as ways of organizing it in terms of distribution of contribution, commitment, command, and responsibilities among the member states and potential fields of action for a European Army as well as limitations to its legitimacy.
Topic B: European Economic Framework
In the wake of the sovereign debt crisis, Europe has faced cycles of bailouts and austerity since 2009. The complications linked to the crisis still persist and have been able to reveal structural imperfections of the European economic space. Additionally, German dominance and the predominant policy of the austerity have been causing substantial debates about the cause of economic problems within the EU. Moreover, as Brexit approaches, this is the moment to rethink the European Economic policy.
The structural problems of the economic framework are far-reaching. Hence, the common currency doesn’t dispose of a balancing mechanism able to even out tensions between economically different regions in Europe, which produces persistent and recurrent tensions within the EURO zone. Moreover, the power of the European Central Bank remains without limitation by a common European government.
As such, a fundamental reformation of the currency seems necessary. A debate about the introduction of a common social and economic policy between the member states in order to adjust and equalize economic divergence seems more than necessary. As the imbalance between the economic performance has been putting the cohesion between member states to a test, the European Council shall discuss a reform in order to secure the political unity between EU member states.
Therefore, the goal of the Council session will be the development of a new European Economic Framework. During the debates, the participants shall question the status quo relying on the criteria from the Maastricht treaty, discuss the design of the Euro and the different European Economic policies and find solutions to the current and future economic questions in the European Union.
List of available countries/positions
|Belgium||Charles Miche||Prime Minister|
|Croatia||Andrej Plenkovic||Prime Minister|
|Czech Republic||Andrej Babis||Prime Minister|
|Denmark||Lars Lokke Rasmussen||Prime Minister|
|Finland||Juha Sipilä||Prime Minister|
|Hungary||Viktor Orban||Prime Minister
|Italy||Paolo Gentiloni||Prime Minister
|Latvia||Maris Kucinskis||Prime Minister
|Luxembourg||Xavier Bettel||Prime Minister|
|Netherlands||Mark Rutte||Prime Minister
|Portugal||António Costa||Prime Minister
|Slovakia||Peter Pellegrini||Prime Minister
|Slovenia||Miro Cerar||Prime Minister
|Spain||Mariano Rajoy||Prime Minister
|Sweden||Stefan Löfven||Prime Minister
|United Kingdom||Theresa May||Prime Minister